Dr. Lu Yong Xiang -- Bio

Education and Family: Born in Ningbo/Zhejiang,China on 28 April 1942;Educated and graduated at Zhejiang Uni.(ZU), China,1959 - 1964; Dr.-Ing. RWTH, Aachen, Germany, 1981; m. Diao linlin 1966, one d., one s.; Professionals: Uni.Prof. Gover. Acad. Officer. Assi., and Lect. Dept. of Mech.Eng., ZU, 1964-1978; Research Fellow of AvH, IHP,TH Aachen,Germany,1979-1981; Asso.Prof.,Dept. of Mech.Eng., ZU,1981-1983; full Prof., Dept. of Mech.Eng., ZU, Director of Institute of Fluid Power transmission and Control, ZU 1983-1985, Vice-President of ZU, 1985-1988; President of ZU 1988-1995, vice-President of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS),1993-1994; Executive Vice-President of CAS, 1994-1997; President of CAS, 1997- date; Vice-President of TWAS,1998- date;Member of Academic Degree Comm. Of State Council, 1986-date; Vice Chairman of ADCoSC 1998-date; Member of CNSF 1986-2000; Vice President of China Association for Science & Technology, 1986-1996; Vice President of Chinese Mechanical Engineering Society 1996-2001 and President of CMES 2001-; Chairman of Chinese Society for the History of Science and Technology 1995-2004; Chairman of organizing Committee of IFA, 1999; Chairman of the higher Education Consultative Committee of sate education committee, 1988-1993; Member of UGC HK 1996-date; Special Advisor of Council of Advisors on Innovation and Technology HK; member of Association for Research and Application of Fluid Power, Germany 1981-date; Vice-President of International Association for Continuing Engineering Education 1990-1992; Vice- President of CACEE 1990 - 1994; Consultative Prof. Shanghai Uni. 1990 -; 1994 - ; council Prof. Uni. Of Hong Kong 1999 –date; Co-Chair of Inter - Academy Council, 2005-date; Awarded: Two times of National Innovation Prize of China, 1988, 1989; National Engineering higher Education Prize of China, 1989; Guanghua Super Prize, 1993; Rudolf- Diesel Medal in Gold, Germany, 1997; Alexander von Humboldt Medal, Germany, 1998; 2000 TWAS Medal Lecture (Engineering Science),2000; Werner Heisenberg Medal, Germany, 2001; More than 16 advanced Ministerial or Provincial Awards; Fellow of Third World Academy of Sciences, 1990; Member of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1991; Member of Chinese Academy of Engineering, 1994; Honorary Foreign Member of The Korean Academy of Science and Technology, 1999; Honorary Dr. Eng. of HKUST 1995; Honorary Dr. Eng. of CityUHK 1997; Honorary Dr. Sc. Of CUHK 2003; Honorary Dr. law of Melb. Uni. Austl.2003; Honorary Dr. Sc. Of Uni. Of Nottingham UK. 2004; Honorary Dr. Sc. Of OUHK 2004; Honorary Dr. Sc. Of Loughborough Uni. UK. 2005;Honorary Foreign Fellow IMechE,UK 2004; Honorary Foreign Member of the Hungary Academy of Sciences, 2004; Corresponding Member of the Australian Academy of Science 2005; Member of the German Academy of Natural Scientists Leopoldina 2005; Research Area and Contributions: Mechanical and Control Engineering, concerning Fluid Power Transmission and Control; In 60 Lu designed a electro – hydraulic driven and controlled manufacturing power unit and automotive manufacturing complex, which was contributed to The Second Automobile Factory in China; In 70 Lu designed and developed the first hydraulic power wheel for the lamp down / round nets fish boot, which had been designed as a creative principle with the constant pressure difference to adapting the real load waving, and the electro – hydraulic servo - remote control rock drilling Machine, which has been early introduced the electro – hydraulic servo – control with a multi - load - adaptive concept to getting energy saving, higher drilling efficiency, and best reliability; In 80, Lu as AvH Fellow went to IHP,TH Aachen, F. R. Germany, here he obtained a series of the most important inventions, Lu introduced the multi – loop feedback and the modern control conception into electro – hydraulic proportional components and systems and innovated a series of fluid power control equipments, which integrated inner fluid volume and/or pressure measurement and multi electro- mechanical- fluidic feedback getting much better static and dynamic performances compared to the traditionals, Lu also constructed a non - linier mathematic modeling of the Fluid power control System for digital simulation and realized the multi – targets optimizing for the MI/MO fluid power system.

His work were published and selected into many technical handbooks and Textbooks of universities for the post graduate students in Germany, Japan, Sweden, China and etc; In 80 –90 Lu return to P. R. China and founded the Institute of Fluid Power Transmission and Control at ZU, latter which became a national key Laboratory, Lu as leader and supervisor still make intensive research and development on the Electro – Fluid power transmission and control Technology, various advanced components and applied systems have been developed and transferred to application, the design theory and Methodology were described, the testing standards were drafted for national and international, the CAD package and computer aided specialized testing instrument with process program have been built up, a series of applied basic research on fluid mechanics, system analyze and control optimizing, e – Hydraulic servo – simulator, the CAD/CAE lab, the water hydraulics, and the digital and servo – Pneumatic Lab have been well installed, the Institute hosts a regular international conference ( ICFPTC) from 1985, Lu as academic Program Chairman of ICFPTC, Hangzhou, China. In 1985,1989,1993,1997,2001,2005 he won 25 Patents, more than 280 Published academic Papers, 6 Monographs and scientific Books, many invited Presentations/Lectures in the international academic or educational Conferences, Editor or co-Editor of many scientific and technical magazines; During 1988 – 1995, As President of Zhejiang University Lu encouraged and promoted developing of Researches, the post graduate school and International exchanges, it promoted ZU to became as one of the top research universities in China; In 1997, Lu Chairs the Presidium of CAS initiated a proposal to the Top Leaders of China titled Facing the Knowledge driven Era, Shall be built up a national innovation System in China, In 1998 CAS started a new reforming and developing process, to goal to response the frontiers of world sciences and to make creative contributions, which is basic, strategic and foresighted to the national economic sustainable development and social progress, it will be to become a world level bases for knowledge and technology innovation, training and nurturing of advanced S&T talents and incubating high – tech industries. The situation and potentials have been looked vary well since 1998, many frontier, inter – disciplinary and the most strategic research projects, active younger scientists and international cooperation and collaborations have been encouraged and supported, the institute structures, running mechanisms, such as the institute autonomies, academic freedoms, the innovation cultures and the academic evaluation process, as well as the research infrastructures and the research funds have been significantly improved and renewed, CAS steps a new developing stage.

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